There is a wide variety of software installed on Beta. For more information, please see the Beta software page.
There are two main categories of software available on the system: software that is installed as part of the installation of the operating system and software that is installed separately. No special action is needed to use the software installed with the operating system. The separately installed software is set up so that you will use a module to use it. The module will set up the environment and make the software available. We do it this way to enable having multiple versions of the same package and to avoid having conflicts between software packages that have mutually exclusive system requirements.
See our page on using the Lmod modules system.